Crocodiles

Crocodile, Tooth, Reptile, Alligator

Their classification name may include all members of the order like caimans and alligators. These are aquatic animals that live in the tropic of Africa, Asia, Australia and America. They can also be found in fresh water bodies such as big lakes, big rivers and wetlands. Their existence dates back to 200 million years and lived the great extinction unlike the dinosaurs which became extinct 65 million years back.

Crocodiles are hunters and await unsuspecting or fish land animals to come close to their habitats. They then attack by using their tails that are hooked and very powerful. The animals swallow their predators . The digestion is done through the secretion of strong bile acid which will help ease food absorption. They also swallow stones called gastroliths that act as ballast to help their bodies in crashing food. They have a very slow metabolism and can survive long periods without eating. They can attack big sea creatures like sharks and kill them.

Crocodiles are extremely dangerous to man. Even though they can’t keep up with the human’s speed, they can attack so quickly before a person can react. The most dangerous of these animals include Saltwater and the Nile Crocodiles that kill tens of thousands of humans each year in Africa and South-east Asia. The Nile crocodiles are natives of many African countries such as Kenya, Uganda, Senegal, Sudan and many others. The Saltwater are common in Asian countries. However a species known as Mugger Crocodiles and Black Caiman are very dangerous to humans.

Honey Badgers

Image result for honey badger

Honey Badgers are among the most amazing animals on the planet.

Fact 1: They are also called the”Ratel.”

The name”Ratel” has probably been taken from the Afrikaans language that’s indigenous to Namibia and South Africa. Additionally, it might have been derived from the rattling sound they make when they’re frightened. It’s quite interesting to know that the Infantry Fighting Vehicle of the South African Defense Force was called”Ratel”.

Fact 2: They live in Africa and the Middle East.

If You Would like to see honey badgers, you may want to see these areas: Kgalagadi Transfrontier National Park in South Africa, Tsavo National Park in Kenya and the Etosha National Park in Namibia.

Fact 3: They’re the world’s most fearless animal.

They may look cute and adorable-but don’t be deceived. They’re rather tough, so don’t mess with these guys. You will know why as we proceed.

Fact 4: Honey badgers kill and eat snakes.

Honey Badgers can strike snakes-even the most vicious and poisonous ones. They can devour an entire five feet-long snake in only 15 minutes. They kill snakes by grabbing them behind the mind. Other creatures that fall prey to this fierce animal contain termites, earthworms, hares, tortoises, as well as crocodiles which are about a meter in length.

Truth 5: They are solitary creatures.

Honey badgers live in isolation. There are reports, however, of honey badgers coming together in a place where food is abundant. They are said to have no permanent shelter.

Fact 6: They’re nocturnal during summer and diurnal during the winter.

In areas where human activity is frequent, however, honey badgers are primarily nocturnal.

Fact 7: They have very thick and rubbery skin.

Their toughness and looseness of their skin make them resistant to bites from other animals. They are also able to spin around, permitting them to turn and bite predators.

Fact 8: They do not have visible ears.

This fact is really obvious, as their ears appear to be quite concealed.

Fact 9: They have been known to live for 24-26 decades.

There’s not much information concerning the lifespan of honey eating badgers. But, there are sources saying that they can live up to 24-26 years . In the wild, they may have a shorter lifespan, probably 7-8 years.

Fact 10: Honey Badgers release scent from their anal glands.

There are hints that honey loving badgers release scent from their anal glands to”fumigate” the bees forcing them away from the hive.

Honey Badgers may not sound as sweet and good-natured as how the name suggests, but they are still among the most unique animals which you can find.

The Walrus

Walrus, Odobenidae, Odobenus, Tusks

When vacationers arrive on their polar holidays expecting to find a myriad different creatures, among the animals that inevitably makes the’top three’ list is the Walrus – and though it may seem difficult to believe without seeing these impressive animals in the flesh, there are plenty of reasons for this high regard. The Walrus is a fascinating creature in its own physical appearance, customs, and even in how it became an integral force in the mythology and culture of the surrounding communities, who hunted the walrus because of its meat, fat, tusks, and bone. Visitors hoping to catch a glimpse of these animals will be well rewarded – after all, with their size, they’re pretty hard to miss!

Tough Tusks

Undoubtedly one of the most fascinating features you’ll note about the Walrus during your polar vacations is the giant monsters’ tusks. Believe it or not, these elongated canines can attain lengths of up to a metre in both males and females – even though you might not be able to get close enough to measure them from tip to gum! The tusks are usually larger among men, where they’re used for fighting and dominance displays. Whatever the gender of Walrus, however, their tusks come in handy in their everyday life – such as to make holes in icehockey, or to assist in dragging prey from the sea and onto a solid surface.

Predators and Prey

As a result of its great bulk and intimidating tusks, the Walrus enjoys a life of relative safety from predators. It only needs to be concerned about two creatures hungry for a Walrus bite – the Orca, and the Polar Bear. Fortunately, however, the Walrus is not a huge portion of predator’s diet, meaning that there are always plenty around to see in your polar vacations.

Myth and Legend

According to legend, the tusks were initially formed from the tears of the weeping girl. However, the Walrus has also featured in more contemporary stories throughout the world – those two distinctive tusks which makes them an instantly familiar creature, whether on polar vacations or in the pages of an illustrated children’s book. One of the most significant examples is from Lewis Carrol’s poem,’The Walrus and the Carpenter’, which appeared in his seminal’Through the Looking-Glass’, in 1871.

Starfish

Starfish, Corals, Maldives, Sea, Coral

The starfish is a really remarkable animal, imagine it’s shaped like a star, and the cool thing is that its mouth is underneath its body. Starfish can creep over a meal like a clam, force open it and start eating it. Another cool thing about starfish is that it has no teeth. It simply digests its meal and receives nourishment from its meal. A friend of mine thinks that a starfish is not an animal but a stone.

Starfish is also known as a sea star, they aren’t actually a fish but are echinoderms, and they belong to the household of Asteroidea. There are approximately 1,800 species of starfishes in the world. A number of them don’t even look like celebrity. A typical profile of a starfish is that it generally has five arms. However, some specie has more than five arms.

The Philippine starfish is usually hard and have horns. They are quite abundant in the Philippines. Certain processes need to be followed so it can be maintained for a long period of time. The Philippine starfish is one of the most easily preserved specie of starfish.

Proper classification and processing of the Philippine Starfish are very important, ignore this, and you wind up getting a rotten, smelly starfish. Our procedures employ’s a union of both traditional and modern way of cleaning and preserving starfishes.

Packaging also plays an important role in this enterprise. We should think about the transport time from our warehouse to its destination. Again if we ignore this, molds will surely grow, and it is very important to incorporate a desiccant to the packaging to stop moldings.

A well-preserved starfish will last for quite a long time. We have this tendency to associate things from the sea as giving us some type of a calming effect as it will remind us of the sea. The sea is truly a magical location. It can comfort us and calms us. What better way than to bring a creature from the sea into our homes to remind us about the joys we connect with the sea. Another fantastic fact about Starfishes is that most species can regenerate, remember the spider man movie. The villainous lizard has this quality of growing damaged limbs.

Starfish is one of the most lonely creatures around, you need to know why? It is because they can reproduce even without a partner. For us humans it would be a curse to be lonely, but for a starfish, it is a requirement to ensure the survival of its inhabitants.

Grilled Vegetables

Vegetables, Pan, Vegetable Pan, Beans

The grill is the friend this summer. It is possible to make whole meals on this very simple piece of gear and make delicious food. This create the nice char and the delicious smoky flavor. But, (always a but) that isn’t so healthy.
The charred pieces have carcinogenic chemicals. Plus, like all cooking, you lose juices and vitamins with heat.
It is not all bad news. Grilled vegetables taste yummy. They cook fast and retain their snap. It is one of the better cooking procedures, better than boiling.
Here’s the best way to cook meats and vegetables on the grill. Marinade everything.
Use an oil base. Olive oil is popular.
Add lots and lots of herbs and spices.
Coat the grill with olive oil to prevent sticking.
Grill fast, but don’t over cook. Vegetables on the grill need to be accomplished quickly.
Any veggies can be done on the grill. Larger ones can be cut into smaller pieces. Zucchini, corn, green beans, asparagus, tomato (firm ones), onion, garlic (whole cloves), potato, squash, peppers, broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, beets, turnips are all good candidates. All fruit that are a bit more solid are also good. That way, you have the freshest vegetables. Fresh is important because new vegetables retain their structure. Firm veggies are better.
Ever attempted grilled steaks or watermelon? You don’t know what you are missing!
All meats can be performed on the grill. Eggs and fish should be accomplished in a pan or on foil, because they can fall through the grates. This is much healthier, with a much better fat profile (more heart healthy omega-3s). Locate a local farm which sells eggs. See if they let their chickens run around and eat weeds and bugs, their natural diet. The meats and eggs taste better on a natural diet, and cook so much better. Yes, you may taste the difference.
Best of all: you can not cook breads, pastas, or any junk on the grill! Just don’t go incorporating it in.
Cook more on the grill this summer. It’s quicker, healthier, and tastier! Plus, picking the local farmer’s markets and butcher is cheaper!

Keys to Good Health

Badesalz, Wash, Clean, Natural Cosmetics
A common slogan among asthma sufferers is”When you can’t breathe, nothing else matters”, alluding to the desperateness of one who can’t inhale the life-giving air. Is life-giving air the entire story on breathing? This report takes common breathing advice and provides reasons for its efficacy. It goes further and provides essential elements in breathing technique for better health.
Breathing is perhaps one of the very densely integrated autonomous behaviours that reach well beyond a simple filling of the lungs.
“Breathing emerges through complex network interactions between neurons distributed throughout the nervous system. The respiratory rhythm generating network is made up of micro networks working within larger networks to create different rhythms and patterns that describe breathing.”
The outworking of Garcia’s study can be observed when a man is influenced by strong emotions like anger & fear.
Mainstream suggestions for breathing is to reevaluate the autonomous control and inhale deeply through the nose and exhale through the mouth slowly with pursed lips.
By remembering to breathe, a space is created to restore calm and reduce blood pressure and stress hormones so creating opportunity of situation control.
Professor Konstantin Buteyko (Russia 1923-2003) is credited for a method characterised by slow and decreased breathing combined with spaced pauses of no breathing allowing Carbon Dioxide to build up to bursting point.
Breathing is a relevant part of the practice of Yoga. Yoga breathing techniques typically accompany either different poses or some kind of meditation. Thus it is hard to separate and ascribe the result to the breathing, poses or the meditation.
Pandit JJ, in 2003 tested 3 breathing techniques for optimum Oxygen uptake, as follows:
1.
2.
Eight (8) deep breaths taken within 60 seconds
The Oxygen uptake was the same for Things 1. & 3 and a greater efficacy than for Item 2. His work illustrates that breathing technique is vital.
Enter Nitric Oxide (NO), a colourless gas with a half-life of merely seconds.
In 1998 the Karolinska Institute awarded the Nobel prize to US pharmacologists Robert F. Furchgott, PhD, Ferid Murad, MD, PhD, and Louis J. Ignarro, PhD for their discoveries of the role of Nitric Oxide (NO) as being a signalling molecule in the cardiovascular system.
NO relaxes the smooth muscle in arteries providing a larger flow area for blood, thus reducing blood pressure and bring more nutrients to where they’re needed. The importance of NO in the human physiological functions cannot be overstated. Although 1000’s of research papers have been written, World research goes on. NO is implicated in heart health, lower blood pressure, better quality of sleep as well as erectile dysfunction.
NO is produced in the uterus, the largest being the maxillary sinuses both sides of the nose. They are closed chambers except for a tiny soft-tissue opening known as the ossium that’s open the olfactory airways.
There is no right or wrong way to breathe – the autonomous brain function sees to it that you get sufficient oxygen in your system. However, there are ways to breathe to get maximum NO into your system. Here are 7 pointers to help get this remarkable gas in your bloodstream.
1.
Nose hair and constricted nose ducting ensure there’s a negative pressure in the airways. This partial vacuum causes the sinuses to deliver a small amount of NO-laden atmosphere into your inhaled breath. The harder you breathe at the more NO the sinuses will deliver.
BLOCK ONE NOSTRIL AND BREATHE IN.
Blocking one nostril and consequently the other nostril increases the partial vacuum to induce NO-laden air to be pumped into your inhaled breath.
BLOCK BOTH NOSTRILS AND TRY TO BREATHE IN.
Close both nostrils and try to inhale. This creates the greatest quantity of vacuum in your respiratory system allowing NO-laden air to be sucked from the sinuses. Obviously you can just do this for a brief time before resuming normal breathing.
4.
NO requires time to be absorbed into your bloodstream. Accordingly it is good to hold your breath for as long as it is convenient. Alternatively exhale slowly to allow the lungs time to absorb the NO.
HUM OR SING
Lundberg et al revealed in 2003 that humming increases exhaled NO by 700%. Other researcher found an even greater increase in exhaled NO during humming. Problem is that it is hard to inhale while humming. Thus the sequence suggested is to hum for 3 minutes then immediately inhale. .
PRETEND TO SNORE
To overcome the issue of simultaneously humming and inhaling, it’s advised to pretend to snore, which makes the sound like you were snoring. The snoring sound frequencies are in the range of the maxillary sinuses natural frequencies roughly 110 to 350 Hz. Letting the maxillary sinuses to resonate will pulse NO-laden air to the inhaled breath quantity. Because snoring is an inhaling manoeuvre the NO will reach the lungs at greater quantity.
VALSALVA MANOEUVRE
During a descent procedure in an aeroplane headaches are often avoided by use of the Valsalva manoeuvre. This manoeuvre involves closing both nostrils while trying to exhale until the ear drums’pop’. This has the effect of pressurizing the uterus which upon following inhalation release the pressure and inject NO-laden air into the olfactory airways.
FAQ’s
A. NO in the sinuses is a finite resource and can be depleted.
B. Why not breathe in NO gas like they do for babies with pulmonary hypertension? The dosage of NO in a medical setting is closely controlled. Exposure of animals to NO has caused drowsiness, unconsciousness and death.
C. Why not sit in a high traffic area and breathe at the NO produced by automobiles? But, exhaust gases are a poisonous cocktail of different gases such as Carbon Monoxide. The risk of poisoning far outweighs any advantages to be gained.
After about 5 years of Purchasing women’s wear from China, India, Thailand, Bangladesh and Indonesia we found a need to ensure supply is based on the following:
• No child labour
• No Azo dyes that cause cancer
• No unpleasant processing chemicals that hurt the environment.
• Fabric from renewable sources
• Natural flame retardant fabric
We went a little farther, and asked ourselves the question:
What can we add to our range of clothing that enhances wellness in the wearer?
We came up with some surprising answers.

Is Evolution Happening

Charles Robert Darwin, Scientists

Humans have a tendency to think of themselves as distinct from all other species, special, unique. Is this thinking correct in respect to Darwinian selection? Are we above other creatures when it comes to selection? Some scientists believe that the Darwinian perspectives of natural and sexual selection don’t apply to us because people are extremely”ecologically flexible”, meaning that we have the capacity to adapt to a number of types and changes of environment in ways that no other creature can. However, genomic data has provided the scientific community with evidence that choice of phenotypic traits does occur in humans. This means that choice does act on humans, even if the extent at which it acts isn’t fully understood. This subject is of repute in the area of human evolution.

Natural selection is the process described as the choice of biological traits depending on the sexual achievement of individuals carrying these traits. In other words, the”passing on” of specific traits is determined by the reproductive success of these individuals.

Scientists have a fantastic grasp on the roles natural and sexual selection play in most animal populations however, because of lack of suitable datasets, selection in human populations has yet to be fully understood. A study, conducted by Alexandre Courtiol and Virpi Lummaa in the University of Sheffield, looks at whether or not natural and sexual selection happened within this human population and extrapolated their findings to modern human populations. The analysis consisted of analyzing the chance for choice based on 4 points in human life: achieving reproductive age, access to opposite gender, successful mating and fertility. They took into account the gap that wealth and gender would have on those points and split the data into two classes: landowners and landless. This was done to exclude social standing as being a cause for higher reproductive success. They found evidence that both natural and sexual selection acted on this population.

Natural selection was seen by the variance in fitness throughout the population in terms of survival into adulthood and fertility. This is to say, people able to survive to maturity and pass on their genes were better adapted than individuals unable to do so, and therefore chosen more often by the opposite sex.

Variance in mating success clarified the higher variance of male reproductive success, in contrast to females. This greater variance of male reproductive success can be explained by the social situation of the moment. Divorce and adultery were highly prohibited and just in the eventuality of a spouse dying would one be able to remarry and continue to have children, continue to reproduce. Men remarried more frequently than women since women were open to marrying men much older than themselves. Reproductive success would be greater for men as a consequence of the fact that men have a longer reproductive life; there’s no age limitation in men for the ability to procreate. This is not typically seen in cases where the spouse is widowed. Once widowed, most females would not procreate again; they’d cease to have reproductive success. The sexual selection observed in this population can be simply explained by the capacity of men to reproduce for longer; this doesn’t give them higher fitness.

At this time it’s been observed that sexual and natural selection acted on this human population. The results of the study further demonstrated that it was sexual choice that offered the greater proportion of opportunity of selection. To put it differently, that sexual selection accounted for a higher percentage of the total selection. Natural selection was still important, but not to the exact same degree.

The novelty of this study is that it reveals higher opportunity of choice than any other research with human inhabitants. Methods such as statistics of death and birth rates, and demographic surveys don’t account for differences such as economic status, biological contrast and social standing. This study does.

Are humans above other animals when it comes to selection? Comparing the information, Courtiol et al. found that the human population followed the same intensity of Darwinian selection as that expected from any other animal inhabitants. This means that humans in this population were subject to the very same forces of selection expected of any other animal population. Extrapolations can be reached from this analysis. This monogamous population showed both natural and sexual selection to the extent of other animal populations; could a more modern people show the same degree of selection? The changes in social behaviour, technology, and culture appear to have not removed the evolutionary pressures of sexual and natural selection.

It is true that a lot of work has to be done in this field; however, new studies are being designed and carried out that promise to bring forth more info. It is exciting to think that scientists are delving into these questions. Are humans unique in the eyes of sexual and natural selection? Does our”environmental flexibility” set us apart from the other animals? It is my opinion that natural and sexual selection definitely play a role in our societies, but to what extent I remain unconvinced. Likewise to all humans, I like being different from the other species.

Double Helix is Life

Dna, Double Helix, Model, Minor Groove

Here are the top 6 misconceptions about DNA and some corrective observations.

1.

More correctly, DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a molecule of nucleic acid.

DNA is only found in humans

No, it is found throughout all living things in nature, though of course it differs in terms of its coding from one life form to another.

By way of instance, if you have any pet animals they’ll also have DNA.

  1. Life cannot exist without DNA

This is a very tricky one because you can argue for quite a lengthy period of time about whether matters such as viruses are alive or not.

If you do think that viruses constitute life, then the statement isn’t entirely accurate. Some viruses do contain DNA while others don’t and use rather RNA (Ribonucleic acid) as a method of communicating genetic information. HIV is one example of a virus that doesn’t contain DNA.

Theoreticians also have speculated as to whether more advanced life may develop without DNA and some are convinced that there is no reason why an alternate mechanism for passing on genetic information could not have developed elsewhere. This is a prime discussion point amongst the scientific community debating whether extra-terrestrial life exists.

It’s difficult to extract DNA

No, it isn’t.

In fact, the basic chemistry behind the processes is now relatively simple and related experiments are often conducted in several schools as part of the science lessons.

It’s only useful, in an applied sense, in forensic work

To the contrary, knowing DNA and potentially using that understanding to create treatments, is among the fastest-growing and potentially most promising areas of medical research today. A whole assortment of treatments seem to be breaking from this field.

It is also proving to be quite helpful in understanding the evolutionary history of various human and other animal populations around the world. This is sometimes known as DNA-archaeology or DNA-anthropology etc..

More commercially, organisations are currently encoding unique DNA markers into products in order to ensure that they can’t be easily or profitably be faked and counterfeited. These are sometimes referred to as”brand integrity solutions.”

  1. You can utilize DNA at birth to forecast all the disorders someone will get as they get older

Unfortunately, you can’t.

Although this is often depicted in science fiction novels and films, at the present time it is only possible to analyse the DNA of a recently born child to look for a relatively small number of certain identified problems that will signify he or she will develop a specific condition in the future.

In other situations, it’s now understood that certain genetic combinations can mean that the person concerned will have certain genetic predispositions towards a condition later in life. That is far from the same thing as stating that medical science can currently say with certainty that they will develop those conditions.

Numerous illnesses in life are linked to lifestyle choices or the misfortune of picking up something infectious. These may be entirely unrelated to your genes. So, as not all diseases and conditions are directly related to genetics they cannot be predicted by analysis at birth.

Fuel for Jets

Edelweiss, Aircraft, Airbus

Without aviation, we’d be unable to travel across the globe for a short period. We would still rely on ships to travel, which can be time-consuming and not efficient. However, the development of the aviation industries also leads to the elaboration of a new type of fuel. This new kind of fuel was concentrated mainly on air transportation, and it is another crucial thing to all planes. All aircraft use a sort of fuel called jet fuel or aviation fuel. Without aviation grade fuel, planes would not have any source of fuel to power the effective jet turbine engine that would generate lift and other electrical power for the aircraft.

As airplane engines get more complex, they would require more complex kinds of fuel to power the engines better. Common gasoline wasn’t ideal for planes. At the dawn of aviation, most planes have a small, easy engine which powered cars. However, simple gasoline wasn’t the ideal fuel for its powerful engines used by piston-driven airplanes that were developed in the 1930s and 1940s. Simple gasoline was not as efficient, and it didn’t have a high-octane score. All kinds of fuel have a benchmark rating. The benchmark has been its level of octane. The greater the amounts of octane let a powerful piston engine to burn its fuel efficiently. During, the Jet era, the recently invented jet engine doesn’t require a type of fuel that vaporized as easy as before. Instead of using old gasoline, they turn to a mix of Kerosene and Gasoline. This first type of jet fuel was called JP-1. Later on, there was a newly developed JP-8, they used this one kind of fuel because it had a higher combustion rate and was less carcinogenic. All jet fuels only have a requirement that all kinds of aviation fuels wouldn’t ignite at low temperature, to prevent any fire accidents.

In the commercial plane businesses, they use jet a fuel. Jet a grade fuel is pure kerosene, and it’s a flash-point of 49 degrees centigrade. Jet a fuel is a high quality fuel. If jet a fails the purity and other quality tests to be used on jet aircraft, it’s offered to ground-based users that have less demanding requirements. Commercial jet fuel as well as military jet fuel often includes anti-freeze to prevent ice buildup inside the fuel tanks. Having ice build up in fuel tanks is among the last things a pilot could wish for during their flight. In today’s market, jet fuel cost approximately 0.95 cents per gallon. Jet fuel is cheaper than petrol as it is pure kerosene and commercial airlines purchase them in bulk, which makes the price cheaper. Before jet fuel can become usable kerosene needs to be extracted from crude oil and purify so it will burn cleanly in jet engines. After extraction is completed, the chemist should find out the blend of kerosene and gas to make the fuel as efficient as possible, and keeps the motor from unnecessary misfires.

In conclusion, the introduction of Jet fuel changed the face of the aviation businesses. Without aviation grade, fuel air fares would cost more because they would need to use gas to run the engines. The uses of jet fuel are also more efficient for airplanes as they were created for the job.

Dinosaur facts

Dinosaur, Dinosaur Park, Model

Dinosaurs the word by itself requires no introduction, the entire world is well aware of the past lives of the creatures that once lived on the planet and were credited to be the only lizards to have walked on straight legs unlike the modern lizards walking folded ones.

Crocodiles are the best and the closest known creatures that are known to live alongside these majestic animals and derive a significant amount of relevancy together.

We are still discovering new fossils every day, new discoveries are rapidly coming to the picture.

An impact from an asteroid that hit the ground in late Cretaceous period is the most important reason for the extinction of dinosaurs many scientists think that it may not be entirely correct as after effects can also be responsible for the disappearance of remaining ones.

The reason that lots of species disappeared along before the crash may be due to a wide spread of some dinosaur plague or could be due to the environmental changes. Though it is not certain which one is the correct, In the present days, a few of the fossils are found having radioactive properties in them especially the fossil from the late Cretaceous period.

Fossil evidence indicates that brachiosaur aces existed long before the first T-Rex ever came into existence, and it is also a huge misconception about t-rex it was the largest carnivore. In fact, it was sixth in the position according to size compared to another colossal meat eaters like mapusaureus, carcharodontosaurians, giganotosaurus, saurophaganax and Spinosaurus although the new discoveries suggest that t-rex was the most well designed killing machine but still was not greatest.

Discoveries of more titanic giants are still going on it is a huge misconception that people believe that all flying reptiles were dinosaurs, but they belonged to a distinct group of reptiles called pterosaurs.

Between those above many weird-looking and eccentric dinosaurs were discovered such as therizinosaurs the most strangest of all and pterosaur Hatzegopteryx a reptile that managed to fly. Primary groups were the sauropod, theropod, ornithopod, ceratopsian, stegosaur, ankylosaur; duck build was later classified and extensive researches performed to comprehend the seeds of evolution: our ancestors.